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WE LOVE PAPER....By my friend Simon Herstings

http://www.dagePaper.com ---- Photo: Artist CHRISTINE BRAND---Appleton---WI---USA Norma Nava
May 31 2006

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WE LOVE PAPER
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Paper - something we use everyday and probably could not
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live without.  The process of making paper is actually
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quite fascinating.  This raw material is made from wood.
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Pulpwood logs are reduced first into chip form but prior
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to chipping, the logs pass through a special open-ended
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drum that removes the bark.  As the logs push through the
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drum, they collide and rub together, which finishes the
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debarking process.
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As the logs move on down, the bark that falls from them
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slips through cylinder walls and is collected and burned
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for fuel that's used in the power boilers. Once the logs
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are cleaned they are sent through the chipper and reduced
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to two-inch pieces, no more than .25 of an inch thick.
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Soft woods such as pine and hardwood like oak is
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separated until it's time for the pulp to be blended in the
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paper machines. Wood is made up of cellulose fibers, this
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substance is called lignin which has the consistency of
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glue that bonds the tree's wood together. When the wood
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goes through the pulp process by being cooked, this is what
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separates the fibers. Special chemicals need to be used
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during the cooking phase.
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The wood chips are then loaded into large vessels called
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digesters, to make things move along faster, the loading
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process is done in one huge load. The machines that cook
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the wood chips look like big kitchen pressure-cookers.
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These pressure-cookers cook the wood chips and chemicals
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together under very intense pressure. What results after
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cooking is a lumpy mixture that looks a bit like oatmeal,
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then water is added to free the fibers.
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Water is added to the pulp, 200 part pulp, to 100 part
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water called furnish. The pulp is then put through a
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forming wire or fabric with a special machine. This machine
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makes one long wet mesh screen that gets circulated to the
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end of the machine were the pulp is interlaced and forms a
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paper mat. Most of the water is removed with this process.
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The pulp is then blown out of the digesters with high
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pressure that separates the fibers. The wood is then washed
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to remove the chemicals. The wood is bleached to the
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desired color and sent through a refiner, this adds texture
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to the paper depending on what kind of paper is being made
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is then formed into a sheet. It is then refined even more
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until the paper has the look and feel of the finished
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project.
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Paper pulp then travels at 3,000 feet per minute, being
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pressed down between fabrics that help absorb additional
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water.  Next, the pulp goes through a number of cylinders
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that are steam heated, at which time a starch solution is
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applied.  Then, to seal the surface of the paper, sizing is
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used, which wets the paper.  To complete the process of
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making paper, the paper must dry and then go through one
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last calendaring process, which basically irons out the
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paper so it is smooth.  Again, variations of the process
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exist depending on the type of paper but this is the
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foundation of how paper used for home and business is made.
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Simon Herstings runs the website Dage
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<a href="http://www.dagePaper.com">Paper</A>
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a site totally dedicated to promoting Paper related
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topics and contains details of popular Paper
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products. Please visit http://www.dagePaper.com if you
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have any questions or comments concerning this article
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 “The Best of 123Soho 2007 Art Show"---NY---USA   FEATURE OF THE WEEK-----APRIL 2007----They are Olga Dmytrenko, P Cartier, Gerard Boersma, Yonova Severina, and Norma Nava.

 KATIES COOL SITE AWARD----2007   Again, my congratulations on a job well done. Sincerely, Sharon Cathcart Sharon Cathcart Webmistress, "The Divine Gerard"

 MY BLUE FLAG---BIENNAL OF THE END OF THE WORLD---USHUAIA--ARGENTINA--April 2007   The subject is the PIRACY that robs and depredace the ATLANTIC SOUTH OCEAN, the subsoil and the patagonian rainforests condemning to the extinction to many species.The flags symbolize the WHIPALA OF THE INCAS in the SOUTH AMERICAN ANDES. Flag size: 4 mts. X 2.50 mts.each one.

 PLATINUM AWARD-2007--AIHC' s   Mary J. York (Penobscot/Mohawk) Executive Director/Webmistress American Indian Health Council

 AWARD 2007- ALASKA - World Class Website Awards Program   Best Wishes, Steve Mapua Senior Web Architect Website Judge FOR Alaska Adventures' World Class Website Awards Program Best Wishes, Pamela Kjobech World Class Website Awards Program http://www.alaska-adventures.net

  Kuuloa Kai's Top Site Award ------2007-----http://www.kuuloakai.com/awardees.asp   Steve Mapua Senior Web Architect Website Judge FOR Kuuloa Kai's Top Site Awards Program-----and-------------- Pamela Kjobech Top Site Awards Program http://www.kuuloakai.com

 BRONZE AWARD ---- 2006 ---- 1 PAGE DESIGN   "The 1 Page Design Bronze Award 2006" http://www.1pagedesign.com/award/winners/bronze/

 AWARD ---- 2007---- BRONZE -- Rosi --- Deustchland   Bronze Award-----2007 -------Rosi--------- HTTP://www.RosiWelt.de.vu GERMANY

 TOTALE TERIFFIC AWARD---2007--RUTH ANN--dk   RUTHS RAVENGE-dk-http://www.geocities.com/ruthe4401/index.html

 GOLD AWARD --- 2007 --- American Indian Health Council   Mary J. York (Penobscot/Mohawk) Executive Director/Webmistress American Indian Health Council

 SILVER AWARD----2007-----NATAYADA™   http://natayada.atspace.com --- FIRST AWARD --- 2007

 GOLDEN WINDMILL GREAT SITE AWARD -- 2006   FAMILY PAGE---Golden Windmill Great Site Award. http://members.aol.com/DessertLvr.

 Award in Gold ----- Rudolfs Wander ----- 2006 --- DEUTSCHLAND   http://www.volkswandern.gold.de.vu/-------Rudolf WANDER--- Rudolfs Wander Award Program Rated Level 3.0 from Award Sites Rated Level 1+ from UWSAG and Rated Level 1 from WebsAwards

 The Humuhumu Award---2006--Top sites.   Kuuloa Kai Top Sites-2006--Humuhumu Award---Award for your hard work

 CELTIC HEART BLESSINGS --- 2006 --- A Celtic Heart Remembers   Alba Awards Program----CELTIC BLESSINGS----2006---- A Celtic Heart Remembers www.acelticheart.com

 FREMBERG' S GOLDEN AWARD----2006----SWEDEN   GOLD AWARD TO AN EXCELLENT SITE---KENNEL CLUB----ANIKA FREMBERG----SWEDEN----

 EXCELLENCE AWARD---MANFRED STRÖDER---DEUTSCHLAND--2006   http://www.m-stroeder.de http://www.mannheim-inside.de http://www.webinfoserver.de Grafiken aller Art kostenlos! Awardvergabe Webhosting

 FRIENDSHIP---Lady JAZMINE- AU--2006   THANKS----JAZMINE of AU- december 2006

 AWARD FOR NORMA NAVA AN EXCELLENT HP   KARIN WEBSITE http://www.karinsside.webbyen.dk/---2006---DENMARK

 Bronze Lupe´s Awards----BRAZIL---2006   http://www.lupe.ws ---- Lupércio Mundim Lupe´s Awards----2006-----Greetings from Brazil!---Lupe´s Awards

 EXCELLENCE AWARD   http://www.gamepuppet.com--2006--december

 ABSTRAKTA, the Merit Award - - 2006 - -Becky K's Awards Program   Becky K's Awards Program http://www.tlth.org/beckyksawards.htm Rated Webawards 3.0 Saturn 3.0 UWSAG 3.0 APIRS 3.0 F.R.I. 2.0 ATC 2.0

 PIANO LADY NANCY GOLD AWARD---2006   BEST OF THE BEST-GOLD AWARD---Piano Lady Nancy http://www.pianoladynancy.com

 StanTheMans 5 Star Design Award.2006   Awards Department StanTheMan, Inc. http://www.StanTheMan.com/---5 Star Design Award---EXCELLENCE---2006

 EXCELLENT SITE AWARD --- MAGDALEENS DORE   http://users.pandora.be/isidoor.magdaleen----BELGIE---2006

 CALEDONIA GOLD AWARD --- 2006 --- A CELTIC HEART   CELTIC HEART -- Alba Awards Program -- A Celtic Heart Remembers ---- www.acelticheart.com

 SILVER AWARD ---- 2006 --- http://TSawards.com   David Schwen Awards Manager Thank You, TheWebuilders TS Awards http://www.thewebuilders.co.uk Also http://TSawards.com

 BRONZE AWARD----2006-----ANNUAL GRAND PRIX----JAPAN   8th Annual Grand Prix votes ------ Inter-Art Museum --------- http://www.inter-art-museum.gr.jp

 GOLD AWARD--- 2006---PERS AWARD WEB   Per K. Petersen See you from Denmark Per´s AWARD WEB http://www.danish-web-award.com

 "Annual Grand Prix" ---- 2006 --- NOMINATED   ------ Inter-Art Museum --------- http://www.inter-art-museum.gr.jp iam@inter-art-museum.gr.jp

 AWARD -- THE INTERNET CASH CLUB -- 2006   Robin Evans TICC Web-Master Disputes Officer Thank you for seeking the TICC Web Award..

 GOLD AWARD 2006 ---- UK   Malaika's Place Now I have visited your site and I have decided to offer you my gold award 2006

 AWARD ROLAND - HALEY PLACE ---- 2006   Senior Constable Roland Haley (retired) Ontario Provincial Police----Place----2006

 MYSTICAL SITE AWARD   BlessedBeMe.com-----2006----MYSTICAL SITE

 AWARD 2006---David's Awards Program   David's Place Themes/David's Awards Program http://www.davidsplacethemes.com/

 GOLDEN NUGET AWARD --- 2006   Probable Cause Karaoke..USA


 PURE GOLD AWARD ------ BENT BAY   http://www.bentbay.dk/aw_pure_win.htm --- 2006 -- DENMARK

 SEEKER AWARDS 2005---2006   http://www.torontoseeker.com/award ----- CANADA

 AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE -- 2006 --Global Internet Directories.   Silver GID Award -- Global Internet Directories--TEAM

 Wet Dreams Poetry --- 2006 ---- A WONDERFUL GIFT   http://www.wetdreamspoetry.com ---- The Wet Dreams Poetry Friendship --- USA

 FEEBLEMINDS --- 2006 --- AWARD   AWARD OF EXCELLENCE -- www.feebleminds-gifs.com---USA

 DESIGNER AWARD---2007   TED MILLER --- AWARD FROM CANADA ---

 TIERRA DEL FUEGO--USHUAHIA --- ARGENTINE--- THIS IS MY RAINBOW FLAG IN BLUE TONE   BIENNAL "END OF THE WORLD" 2007 Organized: ARGENTINE VISUAL ARTISTS ASSOCIATION

 "World Web Award of Excellence" --- 2006 -- 2007   Art Space 2000.com --- "2006 World Web Award of Excellence"

 PRESTIGE INTERNATIONAL Who`s Who ---- Registries of Outstanding Professionals   http://prestigewhoswho.com/profiles/nnava/ Muchas gracias PRESTIGE!!!!

 GRAND ANNUAL PRIX -- INTER ART MUSEUM -- JAPAN --   Finalist august 2006 --- PATAGONIA 1

 ABSTRAKTA - manager - I INVITE   WEBRING --- ABSTRACT ARTISTS --- August 2006 ---

 A R T D O M A I N G A L L E R Y ---GERMANY---PRESELECTION--2006/2007   A R T D O M A I N G A L L E R Y Palm Art Award Who's Who in Visual Art Lessingstrasse 24 D-04109 Leipzig, Germany Phone: 0049-(0)341-2682488 www.art-domain.com

 ARTWANTED -- 1º-VI-2006 ---   TOP TEN PLACEMENT WORK: "SHOTS ON THE FROG"- ink

 FRIENDSHIP AWARD --- 2006 - - A Sprig O Heather   A Celtic Heart Remembers www.acelticheart.com--------------Alba Awards Program AS Rated 2.5---

 SILVER WEB AWARD ---- 2006   http://www.pet-art.net

 AWARD----SITE OF THE WEEK---Sith agus Slainte Bha!   Alba Awards Program AS Rated 2.5 A Celtic Heart Remembers www.acelticheart.com

 REACH FOR THE STARS AWARD   JENSEN KAYE---JUNE 2006---

 FIRENZE BIENNALE 2007-RENOVADA INVITACION   www.florencebiennale.org -2007

 CHRISTINE BRAND   Agradezco a esta gran dibujante y fotógrafa estadounidense su hermoso gesto. La fotografía con digitalización lleva su firma así como también las cálidas palabras. Se pueden ver en su espacio de http://www.artwanted.com---THANK´S CHRISTINE

 WE LOVE PAPER....By my friend Simon Herstings   http://www.dagePaper.com ---- Photo: Artist CHRISTINE BRAND---Appleton---WI---USA

 ALBA AWARDS---A Celtic Heart Remembers---SITE OF DAY   www.acelticheart.com---MAY 2006---Thank´s!!!

 AWARD---PERSONAL SITE ACCOMPLISHMENT   SIXTY PLUS DESIGN---http://www.akavirgo.com ----CANADA----2006-MAY

 CELTIC HEART---TWO WONDERFUL ONES And LOVED PRIZES   http://www.acelticheart.com----MAY 2006----Sith agus Slainte bha!

 INTERNATIONAL DONATION EXHIBITION---My work is BINDS, grafitto/mixed media   ART = GODLY UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE-----Positive Globalization - ( NOBEL PRIZE FOR CHILDREN ) - ( ART OLYMPIC ) – ( CARE & SHARE )----ABED MALHAS---2006

 Hotsite Award--2006-MAY--   You have a SILVER Hotsite Award The Hotsite Award Team

 CEO Katstorm and Co.   Katherine Cook---1st.WEBSITE DESIGN AWARD---2006

 EUROGALLERY AWARD   Eurogallery Awards Scheme 2005- Premio al Mèrito -

 THE INTER-ART MUSEUM OF GROUP UNION--JAPAN   FINALIST---TWO WORKS--NOMINATION "ANNUAL GRAND PRIX"

 Prestige National & International Whos Who   Your Invitation to Prestige Whos Who

 Van Gogh Award for Artistic Excellence   Rosemary Winters Tracey

 ART SPACE 2000   GOLD MEDAL WEB AWARD OF EXCELLENCE---2006

 BEL ART AWARD 2006   Tercero en enero del año 2006

 DRAGON AWARD   TUXXEDO STUDIOS----MRS.VIRGINIA FOLEY

 statistics (actualized)   ARTWANTED: JUNIO-JULIO-AGOSTO-SEPTIEMBRE-OCTUBRE-NOVIEMBRE-DICIEMBRE 7 DE 2005-----9 WORKS ONLY

 KATHLEEN HURRICANE   FAIR "BEFORE THE STORM"

 WEBSITE DEL MES : NOVIEMBRE 2005   CELTIC CLAN BELT---AWARD--- SCOTLAND Mil gracias a Ustedes!!!

 O.N.Z.C.D.A.tm   Mil Gracias a esta nominación llegada de New Zealand.

 Premio a mi website   The ButterflySite. com --- Inmensamente agradecida porque la mariposa es un símbolo de Libertad.

 WWW.ARTWANTED.COM   Mi corazòn les da las gracias a todos...OCTOBER 12-2005

 MILLER COMMUNICATION GROUP- CANADA   PREMIO A LA PLASTICA Y PREMIO A LA POESIA Mi sincero agradecimiento.

 TOP TEN-----ARTWANTED   13 de septiembre de 2005------4 galerias

 BIOMUTATION AWARD   PREMIO A LA WEB DEL DIA

 PREMIO ART SPACE 2000   WORLD WEB AWARD OF EXCELLENCE

 NORMA NAVA ABSTRACT ART   (c) Marten Jansen and Beeldrecht Foundation (Stichting Beeldrecht) http://paintings.name MAY 2005

 NORMA NAVA, argentinean of the world....   Espacio de Arte-Eclectica Estudio-abril 2005

Artworks Media : Ceruse - Dye - Graphite - Pintura



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